Derivational Relations Stage
This stage is when students examine how words share common derivations and related base words and word roots. They discover that the meaning and spelling of parts of words remain constant across different but derivationally related words. In addition, word study in this stage builds on and expands knowledge of wide vocabulary in languages such as Greek, Latin, etc. People in this stage often spell word correctly; however, the words they do misspell are due to the lack of knowledge about derivations. Often people spell favourite like FAVERITE or different like DIFFRENT. People who make these mistakes are making them in the final suffixes and are unable to see the similarities between different and differ; favourite and favour.
Characteristics of Reading
Students in the derivational stage are in upper elementary, middle school, and high school. These students are good spellers and the errors they make are "high level" (274). These are advanced readers that are able to use use morphemes to decode words. Students at this stage are also able to complete morphemic chunks. Fore example, morph-ology, instead of mor-pho-lo-gy.
Characteristics of Writing
The students in this stage are able to write complete sentences that show their opinion and voice. They are also able to easily follow the writing process and complete it independently. Journals are an excellent way for these students to show their writing. They are also able to grow their vocabulary, and content specific vocabulary grows very fast.